An accessible survey of ‘point of view’ with interesting examples, analysis and a flood of footnotes! Part 3 of 4 on a stylistic approach to literature but very useful for anyone interested in narrative theories, or just attentive reading.
In this chapter I provide an overview of recent developments in the stylistic approach to the study of fictional point of view. I have explored in turn the four basic linguistic categories relating to point of view: these are spatial, temporal, psychological and ideological. In discussing temporal point of view, I have made extensive reference to Gérard Genette’s categorisations of fictional time. Linguistic methods can be useful to the critic because linguistic studies have provided criteria which allow for the positive identification of fictional point of view, notably Paul Simpson’s models of transitivity and modality following the work of Boris Uspensky and Roger Fowler. I have also mentioned M.A.K. Halliday’s work on transitivity and Stanley Fish’s important objections to this work. The main body of the chapter consists of an extended analysis of transitivity and modality in Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short story The Yellow Wall-Paper following Simpson’s frameworks. …
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